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MacRae
 


Welcome to The MacRae Family Page, which furnishes historical detail beyond the site index, exploring  twelve generations of MacRaes  going back to
Maurice of Clunes MacRath, born in Ireland. ca. 1280.


MacLeod

6. Mary Ann MacRae (Graham)-- The mother of Kate Graham Boone, Mary Ann was born Feb. 25, 1823 in Henry, TN and died Oct. 26, 1878 (or 1873) in Big Sandy (Benton Co.), TN. Her parents were Alexander MacRae (McRae or McCray) and Jane McLeod. Mary Ann first married Joseph C. Melton in Benton Co. in 1839 and had three children by this first husband before he died in the early 1840’s: Wesley (John?), Amanda Jane & Matthew. After this, she married widower Robert Marshall Graham (Oct. 14, 1849) and had six children before her death at age fifty-five in 1878.

7. Alexander MacRae-- The father of Mary Ann and Elizabeth McRae, both of who married Robert Graham of Benton Co, TN. Alexander was born either in 1786 or 1790 in North Carolina and died in 1877 in Big Sandy, Benton Co. TN. (According to researcher Hulan Brewer, Alexander died Oct.26, 1878.) His parents are probably Farquhar & Catherine MacRae of Anson, NC. According to the historian, Goodspeed, Alexander was born in NC in 1786 and came to TN as a young man around the beginning of the nineteenth century, "locating on the river near where Point Mason now is, and later removed to Sugar Creek (Benton Co.) where he reared his family of two children by his first wife..." He first appears in the 1828 tax records of Henry Co. TN and then in the 1830 Humphreys Co. census (out of which Benton Co. was formed) in 1840. (It is possible that he is indicated as a male 26-45, living with John L MacRae--who may possibly be his relative--in the 1820 Dickson Co. TN census). In the late 1840’s Alex progressively bought hundreds of acres of land and helped to develop the Sugar Creek area of Benton Co. His first wife was Jane McLeod, the mother of Mary Ann (b. Feb. 23, 1823 in Henry Co.) and Elizabeth Jane (b.1825). (Her name is sometimes listed as Lavinia Jane McLeod but this is probably a confusion with the name of Alex’s second wife.) According to the late Humphreys Co. researcher, Hulan Brewer, Jane was born Dec. 9, 1799 in Benton Co. and had two children before her death. She probably died between 1826 and 1829, because the first census on which Alexander appears (1830, Humphreys Co.) shows no 20-49 year old wife in the household (but only a 50-60 female [possibly Alex’s mother or mother-in-law?] & two small girls, 5-15--Alex is 40-44 at the time); also Alexander remarried and began having (10) more children right after that time. There are a few other McLeods in TN in the 1820 census in the Humphreys-Benton Co. area who might be related to Jane. By 1833, Alexander MacRae has moved to Big Sandy and is remarried to a Lavinia (Lavina) Rumbly (Rumly). Goodspeed’s history says she was from West TN, but the 1850 and 1860 Benton Co. census shows Alexander’s wife, Lavinia, to be from GA. and born in 1810. The children of this second marriage were (ages as of 1850 census ): Eliza Jane 17, John L. 15, Martha 13, William 9, Alexander Collins (Jr.) 7, Sarah 6, Esther 5, Daniel 2. Alex’s second wife seems to have died before 1870 (She is said to be buried at McRae’s Chapel, now called Sugar Hill, land that was donated to the county in 1870 by their son, Alexander C. McRae Jr.) The 1870 census shows a 40 year old Catherine in Alex’s household as well as his grown daughter Elizabeth Greer, who will later marry her sister’s widower, R. M. Graham. The graves of Alexander and his wives are not identified for certain. In nearby Carrol Co., there is a grave of Alexander McRae and a Christopher McRae, both with no dates (It is perhaps worth noting that there was a Mary McRae in [only] the 1840 Carrol Co. census), and at McRae’s chapel, there is a grave of a Lavina McRae (1780-1877)--however these dates do not seem to completely fit either of Alexander’s wives allegedly named Lavinia. But the censuses do not seem to show any other Alexander or Lavina McRaes during this period in West TN to whom this grave might belong.
      Note: One likely candidate for Jane McLeod MacRae's father is the son of Duncan McLeod of Scotland, Roderick McLeod, who was born 1764 in Scotland, moved to Anson Co. NC (and lived near Farquhar McRae--very likely Jane's father-in-law as discussed below), moved to Humphreys Co. TN around 1813, around the same time as did his son, Alexander McLeod, and Finley Campbell, brother of Catherine Campbell MacRae (wife of Faruqhar MacRae), finally moving to Yazoo Co., MS where he died in 1844. Although records only show Roderick as having three sons (Alexander, b.1782, Solomon b.ca.1784 and George, b.1786) and unknown wife, the proximity of others connected with the Farquhar MacRae family, makes Roderick a strong candidate for being Jane McLeod's father. The household of Roderick's son, Alexander, in the 1820 Humphreys Co, TN. census, shows, among others, an unidentified female aged 19-26, who could be Jane (b.1799), if she is indeed his sister as I suspect.

8. Farquhar MacRae – The father of Alexander MacRae, was born ca.1748-1750 in Scotland and migrated to America in the 1780's, where he settled first in Richmond Co, NC, then in Anson Co. NC, where he died between 1830 (when he appears on the Anson Co. NC census) and prior to the land dispersal per his will on January 16, 1834. (I am advised that the Scottish pronunciation of his name is “Farkar.”) He married Catherine Campbell (possible daughter of John Campbell of Richmond Co.) perhaps  in Richmond Co. NC in the 1780’s, though the marriage date (which is no later than 1794) is uncertain. Farquhar's will shows him as having 7 children: Alexander (b.ca.1786-90), John Campbell MacRae (ca.1795-1862), Archibald C. (ca.1798-1836), Hugh (1802-1862), Margaret (b.ca.1810), Elizabeth, and Daniel (d. before 1834). After Farquhar’s death, his widow and many of their children left NC and settled in Mississippi, his oldest son Alexander having early on gone to Tennessee and lived to a ripe old age, according to an old family letter dated May 26,1889. This correspondance, which is presently the only known hard evidence connecting Farquhar’s son, Alexander MacRae, with Alexander MacRae of Benton Co. TN, father of Mary Ann MacRae, was written to Hugh McKenzie McRae (who was then living in Texas) by his father, John Cornelius McRae, a confirmed grandson of this same Faruhar MacRae, who was then living in Anson Co. NC, at age 63. In the letter, which discusses genealogical connections in the family, John mentions that his "uncle Alex [MacRae] went to tenasee (sic) and lived to be a very old man. He died sometime since the war" while "uncle John, uncle Hugh, aunt Betsy, aunt Margaret all went to Mississippi in [(1832?)]." (We have not been able to procure a fascimile of the original handwritten letter, but only a transcription, but have found no reason to doubt its authenticity.) Other evidence further confirms that Farquhar’s son Alexander, was listed in Farquhar’s will, and that he was not present as a signatory in NC for the reading of the will in 1834 (presumably because he had moved to TN by that time). Matching very closely, Alexander of Benton Co. TN, who is known to have been born between 1786-1790 in NC, first appears in 1828 as a Benton Co. TN land owner, and dies there ca.1877-78, near age ninety, living until after the (civil) war, facts that agree completely with the above letter. There is no other Alexander MacRae, with unidentified parents, in the TN censuses who is recorded as living there from the 1820s to the 1870’s, just as Farquhar’s son, Alexander, is said to have done. Several of the same names from Farquhar’s family also appear in the family of Alexander MacRae of Benton Co.: Elizabeth, Catherine, Anne, John, Daniel and Alexander Collins. Therefore, in the absence of any other unidentified candidates in TN who are listed over these many decades, it appears extremely likely that they are one and the same person. Although Farquhar's wife, Catherine "Kate" Campbell, is presumed to be the mother of Alexander, records do not establish this beyond doubt, since we do not know for sure when she married Farquhar. She probably married him prior to 1786-90 and gave birth to Alexander, however it is possible that Farquhar could have had a first wife in the 1780's who gave birth to Alexander, and died before Farquhar married Catherine. (There are no records  suggesting a deceased first wife--I am just noting an alternative possibility). The evidence for the connection between the MacRaes and Campbells of Anson County NC with relatives in middle TN is strengthened further by records showing that Alexander MacRae's maternal uncle, Finley Campbell (the brother of Farquhar MacRae's wife, Kate Campbell), appears to have moved with his wife from Anson Co. NC to Humphreys Co. TN. by the time of the 1820 census. Although Finley had died by 1829, the 1830 census shows Finley's widow, Christian Campbell,  in nearby Henderson Co. TN. By the 1840 census, she has joined the other MacRaes in Layfayette Co, MS, moving next door to her nephew, John Campbell MacRae.
      Other MacRaes in early TN: TN censuses show one Alexander MacRae in Davidson Co. in 1820 but he disappears after that. In the next census of 1830, there is again one Alexander MacRae, this time in Benton Co. (no Alexander MacRae having been there in 1820). There is also an Alexander MacRae, son of Duncan MacRae (1769-1837) and Rhoda Young of Scotland, then Fayettesville, NC, who moved to Duck River TN and died in 1820, who cannot be either Alexander MacRae of Benton Co. but might possibly be the same Alexander on the 1820 census in Davidson Co.. Another Alexander MacRae is shown in the early Maury Co. TN census records of that era. This is Alexander MacRae, son of Donald (d.1789) and Ann MacRae (d.1781) who were born in Strathglassshire of Ross in Scotland. This Alexander was born in Scotland in 1766, married Rachel Helton, then moved to Orange Co. NC and finally to Maury Co. TN, where he married Mary Moody in 1824, and died in 1843. Among his heirs who lived on in Maury Co. TN were sons named Duncan (b.1808), Farquhar (1808-1854), and Alexander (1811-1866). There is another family of MacRaes in early middle TN (whom I suspect are also related closely to Alexander of Benton Co.), living in Stewart Co. and Dickson Co. TN. from around 1808 until the 1820’s. They are  brothers Duncan MacRae (b. before 1787 and married Elizabeth Vinson in Davidson Co. in 1810) of Stewart Co. and John L. MacRae (ca.1790-94-ca.1840’s-married Dollie (Dorothea) Stone and died in Franklin Alabama) of Dickson Co, who are thought to be  the sons of Duncan MacRae Sr. of Camden Road in Anson Co. NC. who married Mary McLeod, then Edith. (Martin?). This John L. MacRae, who owned land in Humphreys Co. TN at the same time as our Alexander did, is shown in the 1820 Dickson Co. TN census as residing with another unidentified man near his age (2 males, one 19-26 and one 26-45) at a time when Alexander is not identified by name in the TN census but is likely there in TN. In this census listing, it is possible that John L. (b.1784) is the 26 year old and Alexander (b.1786-1790) is the 19-26 year old in that household--perhaps they are cousins. (We know that Alexander named one of his children John L.) It is possible that our Alexander appears in  the 1810 Anson Co. NC, prior to moving to TN, for, among several listed Alexander MacRaes in Anson Co, there is one who is 16-25 with only a woman of the same age group in his household (his wife presumably) who might be our Alexander. Unfortunately, there are 3 Faquhars and even more Alexander MacRaes listed in Anson Co. in the censuses of the early 1800s, making positive identifications difficult. Thus, given all the evidence, it appears extremely likely that Alexander MacRae of Benton Co. TN is the son of Farquhar MacRae of Anson Co. as described above, although this is not yet proven beyond doubt. We would like to thank Bruce MacRae for sharing some of his research that helped establish this connection, as well as Larry Cates who has also contributed valuable information on the TN and NC MacRaes. We should note that there is still some debate as to whether this Farquhar is the same Farquhar, son of Alexander MacRae "who came to America", mentioned in Alexander MacRae's History of the Clan MacRae. The evidence suggesting that it is the correct Farquhar is that the date of birth for the two Farquhars matches well and the family names of all the siblings of the Farquhar mentioned in" History of the Clan MacRae are identical with the names of the childrenof Farquhar MacRae of Anson County, NC.: Alexander, Archibald, John, Anne and Margaret. Also the name less common first name Hugh is noted in both families. The only name missing is the mother Isabel (and it is possible that an infant who died could have born that name.) Also, there is no other known candidate in the Carolinas with such exact family names matches who is thought to be this Farquhar MacRae "who came to America."
       The only evidence to the contrary that I have heard is the assertion in a family letter written in the early 20th century by Penelope Jane Jones (a great-granddaughter of
Farquhar MacRae of Anson County, NC., through Archibald MacRae) who wrote that she had been told that her great-grandfather Farquhar was part of a large family who all came over with him to America. This, of course, does not agree with known information about Farquhar MacRae's siblings recorded in the
History of the Clan MacRae, who are all documented as staying in Scotland. Were this letter's assertion found to be accurate, it would mean we must look for some other parents of Farquhar of Anson Co.--unfortunately there are no other likely candidates at this point, given the fragmentary data we have from the period. Jane's letter mentions a different set of siblings for Farquhar, including Roderick, Finley/Phillip, Alexander and Mary. (She says Mary stayed in Scotland, but the brothers came to America.) She states that there were further siblings but she couldn't remember them (suggesting that she did not have any accurate written list, but was relying on memory of unconfirmed information that someone had once told her--nor did her source know the names of Farquhar's parents). In summary, if accurate, this letter would suggest that Farquhar and his son Alexander of Benton Co TN. belong to a different branch of the MacRae clan than that of  the Farquhar MacRae "who came to America." cited in the History of the Clan MacRae----indeed, it would appear that the Roderick, Alexander and Finley MacRae Jane refers to are children of Donald and Anne (Cameron) MacRae of Fayettsville, NC, whose son Alexander moved to Maury Co. TN, as mentioned above.) However, evidence for the letter's accuracy is somewhat weakened by the modern date of the letter, the lack of any historical documents or Bibles cited concerning Farquhar's generation, and a few alleged relationships in the letter that are appear to be at least partially inaccurate. There is also not as close a matching of family names according to her list of siblings. If Donald and Ann MacRae are identified as the parents of the Roderick, Alexander and Finley MacRae mentioned in the letter, there is a conflict in that they are already documented as having had a child named Farquhar who died early and is definitely not our Farquhar MacRae of Anson Co. NC. Perhaps they could have later given another son the same name and that record has been lost, or perhaps the siblings described in the letter are the children of some other MacRaes (one speculation put forward for Farquhar's father is Duncan MacRae Sr. of Hamer's Creek, NC. but his documented children do not include a Farquhar, but do include Duncan MacRae Jr. who died in Stewart Co. TN). So far, Jane's list of Farquhar's alleged siblings in the letter doesn't lead us to any clear alternative identification of parents for our Farquhar of Anson,. Co. NC. but would still likely connect this Farquhar with the same Scottish ancestor, Rev. Farquhar of Inverinate MacRae (see below), but through a different chain of cousins. Hopefully, at some point, further evidence will be uncovered which will clarify these relationships.

9. Alexander (of Inverinate) MacRae -- The likely father of Farquhar MacRae, Alexander was born ca.1690 in the Kintail region of Scotland and died there ca.1790. He had one child by a first marriage to a daughter of  Fraser of Guisachan, who left Alexander and subsequently died. Around 1743, he married Isabel (or Isabella). Some sources name her as Isabel MacRae, daughter of Alexander MacRae of Strathglass, others identify her as Isabel MacGilchrist, daughter of Alexander MacGilchrist. The couple had seven children, as follows: Archibald (ca.1744-ca.1830), Alexander (ca.1746-ca.1820), Farquhar. (ca.1748-ca.1810), John (ca.1749-ca.1820), Anne (ca.1751-ca.1820), Margaret (ca.1753-ca.1823).

10. Hugh MacRae -- The father of  Alexander MacRae, Hugh was born in Kintail, Scotland ca.1664 and died in that area ca.1730. He married Margaret MacLeod of Swordlan, daughter of Angus MacLeod (ca.1694-ca.1746), whose ancestry goes back many generations to Harold I the Black, King of Iceland (ca.840-933 AD), son of Halfdan the Black Gudrodsson, King of Norway (d.ca.860) -- (see details elsewhere). Their marriage is documented in The MacLeods of Arnisdale. The couple had ten children beginning with Alexander (ca.1690-ca.1790), Roderick (ca.1692-ca.1790), Finlay (ca.1722-ca.1795), Duncan (b.ca.1723), Barbara (ca.1724-ca.1800), Jane (b.ca.1725), Donald (ca.1726-ca.1800), Mary (ca.1727-ca.1795), Farquhar (b.ca.1730), John of Strathglass (ca.1730-ca.1800).

11. Alexander of Inverinate MacRae -- The father of Hugh MacRae, Alexander was born ca. 1612 in Rosshire, Kintail, Scotland and died in that area in ca.1685. As Chamberlain of Kintail, he was the last custodian of the castle at Eilean Donan which was destroyed not long after the battle of Culloden, but  was rebuilt many years later. He first married Margaret MacKenzie of Redcastle ca.1612 and had four children prior to her death. In 1650 he remarried Mary MacKenzie of Dochmaluag Strathpeffer, daughter of Alexander MacKenzie (fouth laird of Dochmaluag) and Margaret Munro, Mary being the mother of Hugh MacRae.  (This MacKenzie family can be traced to the Royal Houses of Stuart and Plantagenet). Alexander and Mary had nine children (listed in The History of the Clan MacRae by Alexander MacRae): Alexander “Alister Og” of Achyark (b.ca.1652), Donald (ca.1654-ca.1719), Christopher (b.ca.1656), Farquhar (ca.1658-ca.1730), Murdock (b.ca.1660), Allan (b.ca.1662), Hugh (ca.1664-ca.1730), Isabel (b.ca.1666), and Margaret (b.ca.1668).

12. Rev. Farquhar (of Inverinate) MacRae -- The Father of Alexander MacRae, Farquhar was born in 1580-1590 in Eilean Donan Castle, Rosshire, Scotland and died in Jan. 1662 in Kintail, Rosshire, Scotland. He married Christine (of Park) McCullough on Dec, 1, 1611. Christina, daughter of  Macculloch Of Park, Strathpeffer, was born about 1590 in Strathpeffer, Rosshire, Scotland. They had ten known children: Alexander  (ca.1612-ca.1685), Rev. John of Dingwall (ca.1613-1673), Isabelle (b.ca.1616 or 1621), Isabelle (b.ca.1616 or 1621), Donald (ca.1615/18-ca.1681), Miles (b.ca.1616 or 1620), Murdock (ca.1617/22-ca.1700), Helen (b.ca.1624), Christopher (b.ca.1619 or 1626), Thomas (b.ca.1620 or 1628), and  John "Ian Breac" (ca.1618 or 1630-before 1696). Farquhar 's parents were Christopher 'MacGonnachie' MacRae and Isabella Murchison, who was  the daughter of either John "McMhurchaidh Dhaibb" Murchison (Priest of Kintail , who became Constable of Eilean Donan in 1565) or of Murdoch Murchison (also Constable of Eilean Donan and Vicar of Kintail, probably John's son).
       Farquhar was simultaneously the Constable of Eilean Donan Castle (1618-1651), the Chamberlain of Kintail and the Vicar of Kintail. He had a reputation as a great preacher, but because he chose to live and preach in the more remote highland areas, he did not become as well-known as he might have in the populated cities in the South. He was educated at Perth where he became proficient in Latin. From there he proceeded to Edinburgh University where he studied classics, philosophy and religion, excelling his fellow students to the point that he was chosen in 1603 to succeed his professor , James Reid, as a Regent at the University. However, Kenneth, Lord Kintail, greatly desired to have him instead as headmaster of the famous Fortrose Grammar School in the North of Scotland, a post which Farquhar accepted for 15 months while preparing for admission to Holy Orders, which would allow him to preach the Gospel, which he greatly desired to do. In 1608, he was appointed Vicar of Gairloch, an office which he held for ten years, during which he ministered to the English-speaking ironworkers of the region. During that period, Rev. Farquhar lived in Ardlair (near Letterewe) and became a close companion of the learned lawyer and scientist, Sir George Hay, who later moved south and was appointed High Chancellor of Scotland and Earl of Kinnoull.. (There is a prominent rock still pointed out in Ardlair called the "Minister's stone" where Rev. Farquhar was famous for  preaching, both in English and in Gaelic.) Farquhar went on to become the Vicar of Kintail and Constable of Eilean Donan, succeeding in the post his elderly uncle (some say it was his grandfather), Rev. Murdock Murchison, who died in 1618. (The Island is named after Saint Donan, a religious hermit who lived on there in the sixth to seventh century.) On the Island of Lews, Rev. Farquhar succeeded in winning over a largely pagan population to Christianity and to the services of the Reverend's ruler, Kenneth, Lord of Kintail, who died in 1611. One tradition has it that so many people came to be baptized by Rev. Farquhar that he was obliged to sprinkle water on parts of the crowd at random with a heather besom, rather than baptizing each one individually. It was Lord Kenneth's son and successor, Colin, Earl of Seaford, who sanctioned Farquhar's appointments as vicar and constable, placing him at Eilean Donan Castle where the Rev. lived in "an opulent and flourishing condition, much given to hospitality and charity," often hosting great banquets for the Earl and hundreds of his men. After Earl Colin's death in 1633, Colin's brother and successor, Earl George also bestowed upon Rev. Farquhar the wadset rights to lands in Aryugan, Dornie, Inig, and Drumbuie, which he bequeathed to his son Rev. John of Dingwall MacRae, adding to the lands which were already in the family. Rev. Farquhar was also given charge of educating Earl George's son and heir, Kenneth. Later , around the early 1630's, a complaint was sent to the Bishop of Ross, Patrick Lindesay,  accusing the prosperous reverend of having become too worldly and neglecting his ministerial duties. As a result, Rev. Farquhar was called upon to preach before the Bishop at the next provincial Assembly of the Diocese, which he did with great eloquence. The Bishop was so impressed with the sermon (given on "Ye are the salt of the earth," a text upon which, by coincidence, the Bishop had based his sermon the previous day) that he dismissed the charges as groundless and received the esteemed preacher into special favor. In 1651 (just after the defeat of Charles II at Dunbar) after a 33 year residence at Eilean Donan, Rev. Farquhar left the island (apparently under pressure from the late  Earl George's brother, Simon MacKenzie of Lockslin) saying "he was well pleased to be rid of the Island, because it was a bad habitation for a man of his age and corpulency." When General Monk's army visited Kintail in 1654, they took away 360 of his cattle. But when Charles II was restored in 1660, Rev. Farquhar refused to ask for compensation, being so loyal to the House of Stuart that he considered the King's restoration to the throne sufficient compensation for any loss he had suffered in the Royalist cause. He died that same year in Rosshire, Kintail, Scotland and was buried with his ancestors in Kilduich in Kintail.
          
13. Christopher 'MacGonnachie' MacRae -- The father of Farquhar MacRae, Christopher was born in ca.1537/52 and died ca.1615 in Kintail, Rosshire Scotland. He married Isabella Murchison (b.ca 1556), daughter of  Rev. John "McMhurchaidh Dhaibb" Murchison  (John, "son of Black Murdoch"), Priest of Kintail and Constable of Eilean Donan (who died in 1618). They had four known children besides Farquhar: Duncan "Donnacha MacGillechriosd" (1578-1560), John (ca.1582-ca.1650), Finley (b.ca.1584), Maurice (ca.1586-ca.1660)  Christopher was the Constable of Eilean Donan Castle during the period around 1580s. He is said to have been "prudent and solid in counsel and advice, bold, forward and daring when need required, yet remarkably merciful during the bloody war 'twixt MacKenzie and Glengarry." Besides being a bold and stout warrior, Christopher was an enterprising businessman, the first in his part of the country to send cattle to sell in the markets of the South. While he profited handsomely from such trade he was prone to spend it lavishly when he traveled to Inverness or Fortrose, wining and dining all his acquaintances at the local inns before his homeward departures. He was a close friend of Sir Donald MacDonald of Sleat (also known as Donald Gorm Mor, grandson of Donald Gorm, whom his father had slain at the battle at Eilean Donan), who was married to the sister of their chief, Kenneth, Lord of Kintail.

13. Duncan 'Donnacha MacGillechrisod'' MacRae -- The father of Christopher 'MacGonnachie' MacRae, was born in ca.1502 and died ca.1560 in Kintail, Rosshire Scotland. He was a prominet man in the affairs of Kintail and gained great renown for himself by killing Donald Gorm MacDonald of Sleat at the seige of Eilean Donan castle in 1539. This occurred after Donald Gorm devastated the lands of McLeod of Dunvegan and laid waste to the district of Kinlochewe, killing, among others, Duncan's uncle Miles, the son of Finley MacRae. A retaliatory raid was made against Donald Gorm after which he invaded Kintail and headed for the weakly garrisoned castle at Eilean Donan. Duncan happened to be in the area when the castle sounded the alarm that they were about to be attacked, and rushed there to join the two men defending the castle. They briefly held off and killed a number of attacking MacDonalds, protected by the strong fortress walls until the Constable of Eilean Donan was killed. The outnumbered Duncan, left to defend the castle now with only the watchman, and having but one arrow left, held on to it until an opportunity presented itself to shoot directly at his enemy, Donald Gorm. He managed to shoot him in the lower leg with his barbed arrow, just as the MacDonalds began to scale the walls. The attackers stopped at once and bore their chief away to a nearby reef. When the chief impatiently wrenched the barbed arrow from his extremity, it fatally ripped an artery causing him to die within a few hours. Afterwards, Duncan hoped, as a result of his brave deed, to succeed the Constable of Eilean Donan, but he was considered too rash, and was passed over in favor of John MacMhurchaidh Dubh (John, son of Black Murdoch), the priest of Kintail. Offended by this treatment, Duncan and his newly wed wife left Kintail and traveled to the country of Lord Lovat, where he was kindly received and given lands in Culigeron, in Strathglass. In 1557, he accepted an invitation to move back to his beloved Kintail, where he received the quarter of land of Inverinate and Dorisduan. At Invernate, a romantic spot on the north shore of Loch Duich, he passed the rest of his days, as did his descendents after him for two centuries. He married the widow of John Dubh Matheson, the constable of Eilean Donan who had been killed there by Donald Gorm's men in 1539. She was the daughter (name unknown) of Duncan Ban of Glenmoriston and had formerly been married to Sir Dougal MacKenzie. She and Duncan had at least two sons together, Christopher and John MacRae (ca.1539-ca.1620), as well as a daughter (of unknown name). Duncan's father was Christopher 'Gillechriosd' MacRae; his mother's name is unknown.

15. Christopher 'Gillechriosd' MacRae -- The father of Duncan 'MacGillechriosd' MacRae, Christopher was born ca.1485 and died after 1539 in Kintail, Scotland. He was appointed Constable of Eilean Donan Castle around 1511 and held the office with trustworthiness and success until 1538, shortly before Donald Gorm's invasion of Kintail. He married (wife's name unknown) and had four known children besides Duncan: Christopher Beg (b.ca.1500), Farquhar of Torlysich (ca.1504-ca.1550), Finley Dubh (ca.1506-ca.1550), John (ca.1508-ca.1555), and  Donald (ca.1510-ca.1560). His father was Finley MacRae; his mother's name is unknown.
  
16. Finley MacRae -- The father of Christopher 'Gillechriosd' MacRae, was born in Kintail, Scotland ca.1466 and died after ca.1490. He married an unknown wife before ca.1485 and had four children: Christopher (ca.1485-after 1539), John 'Ian Mor nan Cas' (b.ca.1486), Gilpatrick (b.ca.1488), and Miles 'Maolmuire' (ca.1490-before 1539; killed at Kinlochewe). His father was Christopher MacRae; his mother's name is unknown.

17. Christopher  MacRae--The father ofy MacRae, Christopher was the first of the MacRaes born in Kintail (ca.1350). He married an unknown wife sometime before ca.1350 and had one known son, named Finley or Fionnla Dubh 'MacGillechriosd' MacRae. Christopher died ca.1410. His father was Fionnla Mor Nan Gad of Clunes MacRath; his mother's name is unknown.

18. Fionnla Dubh 'MacGillechriosd' MacRae -- The father of Christopher MacRae, Fionnla Dubh 'MacGillechriosd' (Black Finley, son of Christopher) is  the reputed founder of the Clan MacRae of Kintail, Scotland. He was born in Kintail ca.1380, married a unknown wife and had two sons: Christopher (ca.1440-after 1472) and John (ca.1442-after ca.1420), who took holy orders, married and became a priest of Kintail. Finley is known to have functioned as counselor to the young prince Alexander (Alister Ionraic), son of Murdo MacKenzie, fifth chief of Kintail (d.1416), and helped the prince free the land from the influence of Alexander's oppressive relatives, a friendship which helped bring power and influence to the House of Kintail. Finley died ca. 1427. His father was Christopher MacRae; his mother's name is unknown.
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. Christopher MacRae -- The father of  Finley MacRae, Christopher was the first of the MacRaes born in Kintail (ca.1350). He married an unknown wife sometime before ca.1350 and had one known son, named  Finley or Fionnla Dubh 'MacGillechriosd' MacRae. Christopher died ca.1410. His father was Fionnla Mor Nan Gad of Clunes MacRath; his mother's name is unknown.
         
20. Fionnla Mor Nan Gad of Clunes MacRath
 -- The father of  Christopher MacRae,  Finley (Fionnla) was the fourth son of Maurice of Clunes MacRath, who had emigrated to Scotland from Ireland. Finley was born, probably in Ireland ca.1318 and died in Scotland sometime after 1350. As an adult he moved from his home in Clunes to Kintail, in western Ross, Scotland where he joined his older brother John ("Ian Charrich") who had earlier been forced to move away from the rest of his family in Clunes after killing a man of Lovat descent who had insulted his aged father, Maurice. Finley married before ca. 1350 to an unknown wife and had only one known child, whom he named Christopher MacRae (ca.1350-ca.1410).

21. Maurice of Clunes MacRath -- The father of Finley (Fionnla) Mor Gad MacRath, (pronounced McCra in Gaelic) was born ca. 1280 in Ireland.and died ca.1350 in Scotland. He married an unknown wife before ca.1315 and had four known children: Duncan of Clunes (b.ca.1315), Christopher of Clunes (b.ca.1316), Finley (Fionnla Mor Nan Gad) of Clunes MacRath (ca.1318-after 1350), John 'Ian Charrach' of Clunes (Fidgety or Restless John). Sometime during the first half of the 14th century, Maurice and his family moved from Ireland to Scotland, settling on the lands of Lord Lovat of Clunes (nor far from Inverness). The tradition as told by Ella MacRae-Gilstrap is that Maurice MacRath and two others left Ireland as the result of a quarrel after too much celebration at a wedding feast, and came to Lovat country in Scotland, arriving just as a would-be assassin was about to attack Bissett, Lord of Lovat. Having just fled from trouble caused by becoming involved in an argument, the two others declined to intervene. But MacRath killed the assassin and the grateful Bissett invited MacRath to settle on his estates at Lovat, where the MacRath family remained for some time, also developing a deep friendship with the Frasers who inherited the Lordship of the lands. Maurice  was chief forester for the Lovats, and it was his responsibility to assign starting positions in the forest to the hunters when great hunts were held. On one such occasion, the illegitimate son of the Earl of Lovat objected to his assigned position, and became abusive to Maurice (by then an old man). One of Maurice's sons, John (Ian) of Clunes, came to his father's defense, fought, and slew Lovat's son. After this, John fled Clunes, settling in the Kintail region, where he gained favor with the MacKenzie clan, beginning a close association of the two families that would last for centuries. Maurice stayed behind (as apparently did several of his sons) and died in Clunes. His parents are unknown.

       
About the MacRaes and the MacLeods: The MacRae (McRae) ancestors were from the Kintail district of West Central Scotland, and were originally of  Pictish origin. They were the Constables of the castle Eilean Donan on Loch Duich, on behalf of the MacKenzies, to whom they were loyal supporters, and became known as MacKenzie’s "Coat-of-Mail." The name first appeared in print in 448 A.D. in The Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland by the Four Masters when 'Macraith the Wise' was mentioned as being a member of the household of St. Patrick. In Scotland, King Gregory (875-900) was known as Gregory the Macrath. The earlier form of the name, MacRath, was pronounced McCra in Gaelic.
    
The MacLeod ancestors, according to popular tradition, were descended from the Norwegian King Olaf the Black, father of Leod; but there is equally strong reason to believe that at least the male line belonged to the ancient Celtic inhabitants of the country. In the time of David II they possessed Glenelg and slightly later came to possess Dunvegan castle (on Skye) through marriage to a daughter of MacRaild, the heiress of a Norwegian chief. The MacLeod chiefs also owned the Isles of Lewis and Harris, Skye and almost half of the Hebradies.


 

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